Next event:
ERINN SAVAGE – Performance
Tomorrow 15:00 GMT

Performance Hall Model

Simple model images showing the sheltered walkways around my performance hall.

Performance Hall Interior Render

This render shows the main space of my performance hall, and can be viewed in three dimensions by clicking here (

Performance Hall Perspective Section

Performance Hall Site Plan

Library Model 1

Perspective Site Plan_ relationship between two buildings

Introduction to Residential Retreat_ Concept diagrams

Exterior Render and Plans

Interior Renders

Exploded Isometric_ Technical study and Private void study

Cross Section from Pier

Space Between Water.

Landscape Design

A series along the site, detailing how the land interacts with the water.

Rendered Site Plan

Extended Pier.

Perspective Performance Hall Section

Interior View of Balloch Performance Hall.


The view of the retreat is shielded partially by the untamed trees, to give the building a sense of security from those that use the park. The glass of the building creates a visual connection between the interior of the building and Balloch's landscape.


A space at the top floor dedicated to people who want to escape from other social spaces. It gives people time to themselves, whilst overlooking the river and the scenery beyond.


Representation of the residential retriet and concert hall for the SISTEMA charity and the local community in Balloch, Scotland.

cross-section river leven

axonometric site plan


Music Retreat

The combination of a residential and performance space is captured within the landscape of Balloch. Its beautiful surroundings remain interrupted with the buildings matching the tranquil setting. The juxtaposition of the buildings catches the eye of by passers and lures them in for more.


The way the buildings interact with one another is portrayed in this social scene. An open private space connects the two buildings together, allowing the children to interact with one another and remain in a safe space.

The Site

Accommodation Section

Bedroom View

The Pedestal

Initial schematic drawing and the development work at 1:2 scale.

Site Isometric

Construction Details

Construction Model

Showcasing the relationship between the brick volumes and timber roof.

Site plan at 1:500 scale

Park Leven & Sistema Music Retreat

The Sistema Music Retreat project, for myself, was about creating two different buildings, in what I found to be a beautiful pastoral setting, that would create a semi private semi courtyard that kids and young adults can enjoy and have a free and diverse experience during their stay. The idea of having activities and places semi privatised for the kids was a leading factor in the design process for the River Side House and Leven Hall. After drawing the two buildings on site and working out the physical relationship they had with one another I wanted to go one step further and solidify the relationship my design had with its surroundings. On this map is not only my design for the Sistema retreat but also a redesign of the area. New pathways, activities and less tar parking lots. Having been inspired by the works of David Chipperfield, Gaudi’s Park Guell and the idea of place this project aims to give back both to the community and nature while not boldly conforming to its surroundings in a contemporary manner.

The bubble musical center

This project concerns a music center in Ballock comprising rehearsal rooms, an auditorium and accommodation for young musicians coming for internships. The idea here was to achieve an architecture which would reduce the carbon footprint as much as possible. I thought of one of my trips to Sicily (Italy) where I discovered very large ovens resembling large igloos used to produce handcrafted terracotta. These shapes are designed to minimize heat loss. This is why my project explores these unusual forms.

The bubble musical center

The bubble musical center

The bubble musical center

Little Venice of Cadiz

This project aims to respond to a future rise of sea level due to global warming. It is located in the lagoon of Cadiz. This Zone of Spain would be most affected by the rising waters because the level of land is very low. I therefore propose a partly floating village and partly on stilts This floating district is organized around a market on stilts. The inhabitants around the market sell fish, fruits and vegetables as well as products of marine culture (mussels, oysters and algae) in the market open to visitors. All these products can be consumed on site in small restaurants around the market forming small islands with panoramic views of the lagoon. Everything is produced by residents of the floating village, in floating greenhouses and fish and seaweed farming parks located around the dwellings. Leisure facilities can also be found in the district for inhabitants and to attract visitors from Cadiz: A volleyball court and a football field are provided as well as changing rooms and meeting rooms and small indoor sports halls. At the end of the district, there is an artificial beach of a unique shape reserved to bathers. Each home is designed: . to have maximum energy independence and a certain intimacy; . An external personal space sheltered from the sun; . And a pontoon to dock a boat Rainwater is collected by a steep roof, then directed to tanks located under the houses. Each unit has its wind turbine in order to produce its own energy as well as solar panels placed on the roofs.


Located in Balloch, Scotland, the residential retreat and performance hall will help children with a difficult family backgrounds reconnect with the nature and their surroundings. Seeking similarities between musical harmony, space and human body it is my intention to create a place of escape and contribute to childrens mental health through the interaction with my building, nature and music practice.

Site Plan 1_200

The site for the project is a cross point of three axis: Axis of journey, axis of escape and public/private axis. Laid out in an east-westerly direction, the building responds to its surroundings in a number of ways. The location of the buildings not only benefits from breathtaking views, but also is a part of environmental strategy. In order to achieve energy self-sufficiency, the project of a residential retreat is based on passive use of solar energy.

Floor plans of the Residential Retreat 1_200

The closer to the river edge the more private is the program of the residential retreat.

Perspective cross section of the residential retreat 1_50

The bridge in-between the two buildings is accessible from the sun space of the residential retreat creating the connection to the performance hall and practice rooms.

Residential Retreat - Model

Proposed Location Plan 1:2500

Situated at the bottom of Balloch Pier, the new retreat offers an inclusive for all type of performance art. Surrounded by nature, this allows privacy, creating a peaceful environment to gain creativity - outdoor activity can occur.

The Brief and Site

Site Introduction


A public performance hall and floating residential retreat for young musicians. Building for transience and commitment to the community through a duet of extreme difference.

Floating Residential Retreat

Public and Private route through the site

Balloch town when residential building has departed into Loch Lommond and Location Plan: Journey from Railway to Loch.

Sited in the centre of Balloch town, the scheme acts as a gateway to Loch Lommond and The Trossachs national park, defining a new town square along the soft boundary of the river.

Visualisations of journey through the site

From train ride to public space, through performance to safety and privacy in nature. Balloch is the remnants of a fractured journey from steam train to steam boat up to the highlands. This project creates a new journey away from the urban.

Floating Residential Docked in Balloch

Retreats being of temporary nature have informed the architecture to be transient. Departing from the performance hall which remains a place making, accessible public asset to the town.

Site axonometric

Perspective section of the retreat

Section Through Practice and Performance Spaces

I took the ethos of empathetic design, sustainability, and fun into this featured work. This is a residential retreat for the musical charity Sistema Scotland. I focused on creating an environment that was safe and secure for the children but also allowing for autonomy and play. I explored the integration of playground design with music which resulted in a range of practice and performance spaces that changed in focus and formality.

Perspective View of Performance hall and Residential Retreat

Sketched Section Through Residential Building

This section shows the atrium space that connects all the residential rooms with a dynamic, multipurpose seating area. The section leads from the connection to nature with the park to the intimate relationship to the water.

Sketched Section Through Main Formal Performance Space

This section shows the key relation ships between the two public spaces created by the Performance hall. The walkable grass roof emphasises the existing viewpoint with roof lights scattered on top to entice people to peek down and explore the performance hall. A slightly more private square created by the water with the hall able to open to this square as well.

'Sea Life Through a Lense'

This image represents my fundamental design goal: how to frame the natural beauty of Balloch. I took my inspiration from those unfortunate sea creatures who are imprisoned in restrictive and oppressive fish tanks in a sea life sanctuary on the loch. Whilst they are so close to the outdoors they are actually prevented from thriving outside in their natural habitat. In human terms I wanted to create a more positive relationship between inside and outside where visitors felt safe and warm inside but were drawn to the views of the loch and nature outside.

The Site Found

1:1000 Site Plan exemplifying the linear relationship between the residential and performance hall venues; imitating the pre-existing railway of Balloch which, its final stop was at the tip of the pier. The progression of a boat from jetty to jetty via both buildings and a canopy shaded pathway on land, shows the multipurpose links and modes of transport available as ways to accommodate the users when moving around the site.


Mammals and nature co-exist between the walls of the residential retreat, through vast glazing, an indoor / outdoor living experience and materiality and design elements. On arrival visitors will observe a hanging façade of carved natural wood. The flowing, rippled appearance of the wood connects to sound waves created by children inside to the lapping waves of the river made by Mother Nature outside.


1:50 principles of building detailing and mirroring front elevation render

Mornings in the Nest

a view from the residence

encapsulating the sense of journey from the residential towards the performnace hall, sitting out in the landscape.

the space between

a sense of the enclosed and intimate environment of the residential retreat with its subtle hints of connections to broader landscape.

the site

a representation of the jurney and connection between the residential and performnace.

residential atmosphere

a study of the intimate yet lively atmosphere of the residential portion of the scheme.

residential form

a representation of the costal influence on form, material choice and colour and scale.


Early concept development

A Walk on Leven

Early documentation of the River Leven

Vale of storage units

Mapping of the industrial estates on the River Leven


sketchbook scans


sketchbook scans

Exterior Context

Perspective Context

Location Diagram and Site Plan

Floor Plans

Cross Section Progression- 1

Exterior and Performance Hall


Topographical Model

1:1000. Produced in order to gain a deeper understanding of landscape to harmoniously place my project within

Geological Sectional Study

1:10000. Acrylic & Steel

Capture the Landscape

Sketch model exploring how the architecture could frame the landscape.

Final Model


nestled in context

creativity occupying space

home away from home

1. Intro

2. Site Model

3. Retreat Centre Exterior

4. RC Floor Plans

5. RC Section

A Public Pool in London

Studying the Westway

Tracing the changing city below the constant line of the motorway


Early exploratory studies


Developing the project

Balloch accomodation for music students

3rd year: Upper floor and site plans

Balloch accomodation for music students

3rd year: Ground floor and Detail

Balloch accomodation for music students

2nd year: Rendered section

Library Lounge

2nd year: Render of Library Lounge

Library design

2nd year: Library ground floor book shelf arangement, as well as section of reading pavili


The project emphasises a sense of journey. The buildings act both as a destination and as a starting point for adventures beyond. The incorporated walkways connect the different buildings and allow people to explore the boundary where water meets land.


This most recent project as part of Stage 3, is a music retreat fro children and community performance hall in Balloch, for the music charity Sistema. The proposal uses active and passive systems that utilise the environmental nature of the site which include the bank of the River Leven just before it joins Loch Lomond, and an island facing the bank. The retreat is on stilts which straddles the boundary between the island and the water. The island provides seclusion whilst still engaging with the town. It takes precedent from ancient Crannogs once found on the loch often built for defensive purposes.



An island denotes isolation. The water acts as a defensive barrier and gives the retreat a sense of protection, in a location that is open and public. The client expressed that the trip was equally an opportunity for the children to get out of the city and be in nature as it was about learning music. I wanted to foster this. The island allows for the children to have space to explore freely without any interaction with the public.


In the project I have chosen for the Degree Show we were given a brief asking to design a public building, consisting of a performance space of a certain spectators' capacity, accompanied by an additional programme of our choice. The site of this project is located on Candleriggs, within the Merchant City district in Glasgow. My proposal is a cultural centre, which consist of an amateur/experimental theatre, exhibition space, flexible workshop spaces which can be adapted for teaching art and small crafts that do not require heavy equippement, library and a top-floor cafe. The overarching idea that connects all the function is the exchange – of experiences, knowledge, skills, memories – through a variety of storytelling devices – performances, art – or act of “creating” in general – formal and informal conversation. Theatre space does not have traditional rows of seats, which are replaced with wide stair-seats, that can become parts of the stage if necessary; voids, present in the exhibition and library parts of the building, as well as mostly open – and if enclosed, then glazed – spaces, allow the different parts of the building to blend one into another. Wide stair-like structure is also used through the library floors, allowing to subtly differenciate between the space of the borrowing collection and places more private, where one can sit and rest, preferably with a book. Use of light and charred wood as external and internal cladding creates a feeling of depth – on the outside, with charred wood - that draws a passer by into itself, together with a frosted glass screen that allows one to see the sillhouetes of the performers preparing for the play; light wood finish used within the interiors provides a warm, welcoming atmosphere and counteracts the large volumes of the building by its organic qualities; big factory-like windows allow a glimpse into the outside world, and vice versa – users of the building can observe the street while feeling safely enclosed. [a fragment of “There's no sea...” mural by Michal 'Sepe' Wrega has been used in the 1:50 section drawing]

Citadel Communities Block 1 in Proposed District.

The Citadel Community encourages as many domestic, production and commercial tasks to be performed in groups, by providing a variety of large functional spaces that surround a central gathering space - like the layout of Islamic Citadels. The dwellings are organized based on individual and group activities and the many terraces surrounding them provide opportunities to socialize and grow as a community.

Citadel Communities - District in Context.

Glasgow faces the challenge of finding ways to function more sustainably and create less waste whilst housing and providing work for an expanding population. By encouraging communities to live in organized neighborhoods whereby neighbors can support each other with domestic and laborious processes: resources can be shared amongst many citizens and waste can be reduced.

Citadel Communities Block 1 and Residential Cells.

The ‘Acoma Pueblo’ in New Mexico housed a society that lived harmoniously with each other and the natural world. Emphasis is put on spaces where domestic and production activities were performed in groups, these are shared by many multi-level dwellings which are efficiently organized. These layouts have informed the separation of activities in the residential cells of the Citadel Community and allowed more space for public, commercial and production areas throughout all the levels of Block 1.

Citadel Communities - Section through Block 1.

Merchant City - Initial Site Analysis

From the initial site analysis, we identified the lack of social infrastructure in the surrounding area of the site. The project chooses diverse vulnerable groups across society and reforms a part of the city to accommodate their fundamental needs, bringing in the density and services needed to sustain a community and support the surrounding vicinity of our district.

Observing Labour through Play

My project focuses on the needs of workless families, aiming to break the cycle of unemployment by making different models of labour observable to children from workless households and providing parents with the facilities to access support finding a job.

Approach from South-West of Proposal

View of the main public entrance to the proposal looking towards Trongate. The proposal is set back from the street to allow for the creation of a public square in front.

Approach from North-East of Proposal

View of the back of the proposal. All domestic circulation is external and exposed to allow for smaller communities to be formed around the shared front gardens that each serve four flats.

Long Section through Proposal

The long section shows the vertical play area that takes place in the core courtyard of the building. This allows children to observe different modes of labour in the public library on the lower floors and the office spaces within the flats that are placed to face into the play area.

Redefining Homeless Housing


Redefining Homeless Housing

Cell Types

Redefining Homeless Housing

Cell Sections

Redefining Homeless Housing


Redefining Homeless Housing


Labour and Domestic

In this co-housing, people can become each other’s traditional meaning family in an unconventional way and decrease spend. They can work at the co-working area or elsewhere by leaving their children at the nursery with qualified older people.Older people can spend the day with their own age or have fun with children. Labour and family are in their own self, but not isolated anymore.

Domestic in Labour

From ground floor to second floor, these areas work as transition area.It brings labour to the domestic and domestic to labour.

Section AA'(1:200)

Combining the three different unit types together, it can helps to create many sharing/private social areas in between in order to work as social condensers.

Seventh Floor Plan(1:100)

Three unit types have been developed. Unit A is th unit type that designed for single parent with children only. Unit B is the type for elderly people only. Unit C is the only mix living unit type in this building.

Tectonic(Young and Elderly center)

1:50 cross section for Young and elderly center with a classical theatre

project title

cell unit - old + new


block deconstructed

site map


Perspective Section


Building Programme Diagram


Ground Floor Plan in Context

S4 Studio. Cell Prototype

Stage 4 Studio (Cell, Block, District): A prototype dwelling (Cell) developed using the modular 3x3x3 structural cube system, with modular components such as walls, Windows, floors etc. The structural system allows for large span cantilevers, allowing courtyards to expose the nature from below and the allow light to penetrate from above. 2019.

S4 Studio

Stage 4 Studio (Cell, Block, District): The centre of the development viewed from street level shows the vertical layering from the public, open gardens on street level to the private developments which have naturally (unplanned) taken shape above to suit individual requirements. 2019.

34 Riverside View, Alloa

Craig's First project completed as a Design & Build Developer, while studying at GSA. He designed, detailed, costed, procured and project-managed the project between 2018 and 2019. The 22sqm domestic extension is a high quality design, utilising the confines of the site and passive design to enhance the spaces within with lots of light, ventilation and views to the garden. It uses High quality, long-lasting materials such as Dutch brick, Western Red Cedar, Zinc and Aluminium, and adopts a unique but simple steel ring beam to create seamless Corner openings. The final cost of £43,000 was under the national per/sqm average. See website. 2019.

Art Gallery, Forth Valley College

The Art Gallery was Craig's final year Graded Unit assignment - a result of 6 months work to fully develop a large-scale commercial building, from design, technical detailing, costing, implementation and final presentation. It itilised a steel space frame and a hyperbolic parabaloid roof to create a range of spaces within. Craig recently revised the project to make small amendments to materials, vegetation and even implemented a new gallery. Craig developed the design alongside his tutor - a graduate of GSA himself, Stuart Taylor. Craig's use of 3d live rendering as a design tool during the project set a standard which the college later adopted and one which Craig has continually adapted over the years. Craig credits the building as preparing him for professional practice and his eventual enrolement on the GSA Architecture course. See Website. 2014, 2019.

Dwelling Experiment A

Dwelling House A: Designed on a real-life plot, the Dwelling design was made by Craig as an experiment and was later used in his dissertation focusing on the viability of the architect to be both designer and developer. Using natural materials, and a unique structural approach, the Dwelling explores the possibility for designers to be more expressive in their designs while remaiming financially feasible. See website. 2019.

Masterplan Floorplan | Pathway | Rooftop

Cross Section

Section Diagramme

3rd Floor Plan

Living space : the cell

Introductory diagrams

This project began by looking at the half stepped floor slab as the main separator of space within a living unit. The proposal is based upon the psychological divide this creates. The apartments provide the user with a high degree of flexibility and adaptability, with the half step as the only pre determined separator.

Location within the city

Like the masterplan developed previously in this project, where an outer edge contains the historic grid, the proposal conceals and hints at a hidden world inside the scheme.


A master plan was developed prior to the design of this scheme. The main ambition was to maintain the historic grid in Glasgows city fabric, utilise the surrounding vistas to create new ones and provide spaces for informal knowledge exchange in key spaces placed in the new vistas designed. We called these spots ”beacons”, to help visitors and passers by navigate through the neighbourhood.

Ground floor plan

Through chamfered corners, new vistas and narrow lanes, the proposal stays true to the outlines decided upon in the masterplan, and opens up at ground floor level into a semi private courtyard through a series of hour-glass shaped openings in the building fabric.


Section and cross section showing the dialogue between housing and public space, as well as its relationship with existing building heights.

No Ownership Modes: Internal view of the architype R2++.

Four types of housing units were developed. R2++ is a Co-Housing unit on two levels which allows up to 6 double bedrooms.

No Ownership Modes: Layout of Achitypes R2++ and R1.

No Ownership Modes: Long section through Co-Housing and Co-Working components.

Each adult is allotted a Co-Working share. Renting the workspace may allow users to supplement their income during periods of economic difficulty. The proximity of the home to the workplace may improve the way of life of the users, with whole businesses being born through inhabitants working together.

No Ownership Modes: The scheme acts as a gateway to the new public space.

The thesis’ grow from each other and form part of a new social framework in both the private and public realm.



P3_Urban Housing

P3_Urban Housing

Typical Flat layout for large scale family. Each family member has a specifically designed space aimed at various levels of social interaction depending on their generation. A void space is created above the stairwell so all members can hear each other throughout the home once leaving their specific private bedroom space.

P4_Urban Building

More project work coming soon.

Site Information

Thesis Investigation

Spatial Development

Ground Floor Plan

Long Section

Multigenerational Growth

The Single Demographic City Though the city centre is often rich in cultural diversity, it often lacks such richness in terms of age demographic. The continuous movement of families and the elderly to the suburbs has left a shallow demographic dominated by students and young professionals. In the current Urban planning process, it is clear that there is a major lack of consideration for such groups, forcing them to move out with the centre in order to fulfil their housing needs. Urban Village: A Community Model By applying village typologies to the merchant city, it is hoped that the demographic and richness of village community can be manifested on the site. Through the integration of fundamental community spaces it is hoped that the site will act a whole and inclusive community which scales down the current city into a more tangible environment. People, Experience, Learn, Grow The following project focuses on providing multi-generational homes for vulnerable individuals, pushing for a close knit relationship between families, the elderly and young singles. By redefining the classic model of “your home and your two neighbours” it helps to establish those close knit relationships that would naturally develop over time in a suburban environment, in an urban environment . Not only does the project aim to tackle current financial issue’s faced by individuals when trying to buy property in the city, the Cell model provides a family dynamic which aims to support a shared domestic labour. In the project, daily tasks are deigned to be split amongst inhabitants, forcing strong relationships to be formed. Where the young individual can cook meals for the elderly in return for wisdom, the elderly may babysit while the parents are at work in return for help with daily tasks and parents can provide useful life skills for young individuals, helping them on their way in life. Not only does this alleviate rising loneliness but provides an environment where individuals can live, teach, learn and grow as individuals together.


This proposal is situated in a plot of 51.50 m2. It is designed for a young couple, where one or both can work in the same space. The element that marks the change in the use of space is the difference in floor level and ceiling height. The design separates labour and domesticity, so work and private lives develop in individual spaces. The front elevation has a brick lattice, which permits the entry of light but also creates a sense of privacy.


nterior view of model where the changes of level in both floors and ceilings can be seen to separate activities. The height in the work area gives versatility to the space, to carry out diverse activities in spite of being a reduced space.


This image shows the perception of space from the point of view of the observer. The wall that divides domesticity and labour does not reach the ceiling so as to generate the sensation of continuity of space.


The Merchant City is a centre for trade, (goods, services, culture and experiences). My thesis proposal is to create space for both culture and housing. Houses will be for two demographic groups, ones in need of healing from overworking, and those that are looking healing by working, following on from our first proposal for the district. Taking the cell’s concept as a start point, different levels will still separate uses, but on a larger scale. My thesis is that people from different sociodemographic groups can interreact in the same area over a variety public, private and semi-private spaces allocated across different levels within the same architectural proposal. Living - working dwellings (flats) are allocated on lower floors of the building. Microflats are a response for people who can not afford housing or need short term use. These will be allocated in the upper part of the building. The cultural are will be a multi-purpose space where its main use is a concert hall. It is connected to a plaza which is an open space that can hold different activities during day and night and even seasonal events.


The section along Hutchenson street allows us to observe the scale of the proposal in relation to the existing architectural context, as well as the proposed change in use of the surrounding streets; In this case it is proposed to pedestrianize Wilson St. Also, in Trongate St. wide pavements are proposed to prioritise pedestrians and leaving a street for the transit of public transport and delivery vehicles for the businesses in the area.

Urban block

We propose to arrange the different departments of a school around an urban block within the Merchant City and for it to be open for public use. The school is open to residents and wider city habitants, offering access to education and providing public amenities while being fully integrated into the city fabric.

Trongate facade

Typology section

The design uses a range of typologies and stacks them on section to create homes for varying types of users while sharing communal spaces in the form of a courtyard and roof terrace.

LLGC Calendar CC AlisonW at English Wikipedia

Thesis: Due to lack of funding across the UK toward the end of the 20th and start of the 21st century, Queer spaces have been disappearing. Fading out due to lack of support to keep them open and running. A good example of this is the ‘Gay and Lesbian Centre’ that was once a thriving hub to community in London. Seen as a milestone in the LGB community at the time due to it being helped by the Greater London Council’s Charter for Lesbian and Gay Rights launched in 1986. This centre was a new start to help support for the community as well as providing them with several utilities such as specialised bookstores, offices for queer organisations and many more social engagement activities. I drew a lot of inspiration from the idea of this space which unfortunately closed pre-maturely in the 90s after just 6 years of running. Partly due to a fault of a new government that stripped LGBT funding and part due to infighting between the different spectrums of ‘Queer’ at the time. While this space was good for the community, it had fundamental flaws socially which I think was partly due to the era it started. However, I believe a space like this would be much more functional in today’s climate due to what some consider a second wave of feminism and queer liberation.

Map of Queer Spaces throughout Glasgow

Upon looking further into this, I realised that there is not only in fact a distinct loss of spaces across the country, but a clear gap in non-profit spaces for Queer people that are solely for the community. A fact that is quite shocking due to how integral the Queer community has been in British history. This becomes even more apparent when you look at Glasgow as a city. A major city in Scotland that has been considered by many to be one of the most LGBTQ+ friendly countries in Europe and the world. The vast majority of the Queer spaces in Glasgow are bars, clubs and spaces that are there to profit off of the community. There is no denying that these are key for the Queer community but shows a concerning trend that the only way to access the community is thought financial means. Further research showed me that since the shutting down of the London Gay and Lesbian centre there has not been a non-profit solely Queer venue open in the UK. Showing that the need for such a space was in demand.

Site within Glasgow City centre

Site Massing

Due to the site's large footprint I decided to split the building up in order to create a typography of different uses throughout the site. Designing spaces for the art to be more of a show case and letting in a more public side of the greater community, while keeping the more central area of the site to the more private areas. Creating a ‘sanctuary’ of some sort. 

Building Typography

Once the massing was decided I had to figure out what characteristics of the building typography were required. I came to the following ideals in terms of design:

The Music Lab


Ground Floor Plan

First Floor Plan

Second Floor Plan

Co-living cell archetypal: two cell types

This project focuses on the relationship between domesticity and labour in the contemporary society. Throughout rising of population in cities, sometimes it is hard to feel a sense of belonging and often feel lonely. Urban loneliness is connected to population mobility, declining community participation and a growth in single-occupant households. After a burnout day it is important to separate work from home, or spaces that can evoke that. Feeling of isolation is connected with high rates of people living alone. I will be studying precedents such as wellness centres and healing environments that architecturally promotes mental health and conclude by incorporating it in the co-living housing typology proposal.

Transitioning from work to home: social space

Decreased attention on personal spaces in living typology and lack on social interaction between others in the community, this contemporary ideology of architecture condition can have physical and mental effects on the individual. An unconnected society. Creating generous spaces for social bonding is the attention necessary in co-living typology and improve mental health.

Transitioning from work to home: cleanse

Architecture is used to create a route where step by step the user travels through the building is being cleansed physically and mentally from work and transitioning into domesticity. It is shown in the clear cohesion of spaces that are to function as physical cleanse or evoke the feeling of mental cleanse.

Spacial distinction section

A design that has additional opportunities to encourage users to lower their stress levels, internal and external qualities of a building that could result in having a positive effect on the user’s wellbeing and applying that in a city context. A sanctuary within the chaotic city life. An oasis.

From Urban to Oasis

Decreased attention on personal spaces in living typology and lack on social interaction between others in the community, this contemporary ideology of architecture condition can have physical and mental effects on the individual. An unconnected society. The design reevaluates the sense of community through a public pathway above ground that connects all buildings within the site. It allows for social bonding in the neighbourhood that feels safe. A place that can relieve the feeling of disorientation in the busy city, sense control when you are able to see everything in a new perspective. The contrast between urban and oasis, seeing buildings looking up in the city, but in the design being able to see them looking down.

The physical

The void in between

The digital

Design for Natural Systems

Visualisation. A Housing block in the Merchant City, that incorporates natural and mechanical systems to support nature and sustainable life in the city.

Design for Natural Systems

Plan. Adaptable housing units reduce the distance between work, production and the natural.

Design for Natural Systems

Structural Model. The building framework supports nature in the city, which in turn supports human life.

Collaborative Glasgow

Visualisation. A space for collaborative design, production and performance to enable democratic representation of the diverse context it is in.

Collaborative Glasgow

Section. An open experience is arranged around the cycle of idea to production, to performance.


Axo View of Urban Dwelling

Central Perspective

Perspective view of urban building

External Perspective

Perspective of urban building as seen from common courtyard

2 Alternate perspectives

Perspectives of alternate explored versions of the scheme

Long Section and Elevation

Long Elevation/Section of urban building

A change in use

At the smallest scale, everyday objects inherent uses are adapting. A dining table is now not just for formal dining but a surface for a multitude of activities.

1:20 cell model

Flexible space weaves around more ‘concrete’ servant cores.

View into a cell

Social and private space is defined by servant spaces, changes in level and axis. A ‘Duchamp’ door creates an extended space either belonging to the private domain or the more social.

Section through a cell

Space is reordered through activities rather than defined by rooms.

Section through a block

The section tries to explore the relation between a more interwoven relationship between domesticity and labour. Small open courtyards and changes in levels help distinguish changes in use and privacy.

Site Research



Orthographic Drawings

A Collective Library

The library becomes a place for families as well as individual sanctuary.

A Shared Culinary Experience

The communal kitchen provides a social and learning environment for all ages.

The Urban Demographic

What makes people want to stay? Currently, there is a state of impermanence in Merchant City. It is lively in at the weekend and empty during the week. It is seen as a place where time is spent passing through it rather then staying. Offering the amenities to have the choice to stay, whether you are an artist, student or young family is crucial to the design strategies.

Street Conditions; Light and Heavy Labour

Differences in light and heavy labour, changing position depending on light; heavy structures to the north of the site facing Wilson Street, and light structures to the south facing Trongate. The painting studio on the roof is a hybrid of heavy and light structure, allowing green space to envelope the studio in a tranquil setting. It becomes a garden and play space for children.

1:2500 Proposal in Context

The masterplan comprises a school, multi-generational housing units and an artists in residence unit. Colonnades invite you into the space, providing covered walkways and open spaces for markets and exchanges. A monument, not exceeding the heights of the surrounding context, acts as a waymarker in Merchant City.

View into courtyard

The proposed project is a multi-generational live-in workers’ cooperative for those who are most at risk in the current capitalist housing model. Residents act as custodians of the building, allowing them to live there in exchange for the labour required to run the cooperative. The flexible scheme emphasises residents’ growth, which is achieved through gaining diverse skills from a variety of responsibilities. The flats are designed for short-term residency - a few months up to a couple of years - with a simple grid design to keep them cost-effective. Shared social spaces and a diverse community foster a friendly, communal atmosphere.

View along deck

View into flat

Flat typologies

The flats are all variants of the base (cell) layout, with adaptations for different types of inhabitants, intended for short-term occupation. The typologies are assorted across the plan to create a diversity of tenants. The simple gridded layout allows for low cost but high-quality dual-aspect flats.

Occupancy relationships

The variety of activities across the site create interdependencies and a very localised community.

Title page

Ground floor plan

Flat type for multigenerational family

Flat type for live/work at home

Urban Nomads

An portable apartment for freelancing labour


Urban public space



10.00 A.M. 21st June 2023

10.00 P.M. 21st December 2023

12.00 P.M. 30th November 2023

3.00 P.M. 13th February 2023

Development Model 1:1000

Decentralising the City

Antwerp's Civic Framework

Antwerp City Plan

Study Models


ANTWERP - historic context

CENTRAL LIBRARY - Typlogy and programme

CENTRAL LIBRARY - The aims of contemporary typology

ANTWERP - Urban context

wolvenberg watergarden

Inspiration is from Junya Ishigamis Biotop watergarden. Trees and puddles create a mesmerising space, where visitors can jump between the stones and explore the flora.

green ring vision

The ring road was built in the 1960’s and replaced the Brialmont fortifications from the 19th century. The ring road is highly dominated by road infrastructure, disconnecting the inner and outer city. However, it has potential of becoming a strategic area in the future city structure, turning into the Green Ring. The City of Antwerp has presented a plan with specific strategies for the Green Ring, focusing on green spaces that connects the inner and outer city, creating habitats for flora and fauna as well as for the people of Antwerp.

brialmont fortifications

To realise the Brialmont fortifications, huge earthworks took place. Soil was removed to make room for the forts and ramparts. Water canals were introduced and had to be dug out. The soil could then be used to build the ramparts. The principles historically used, ground manipulation and water introduction, have become factors informing a new language for the green ring, to bring a sense of what used to be in a present context. source of images: photograph - Natuurpunt Antwerpen Stad, map - Old Maps Online

parks of berchem - existing conditions

A specific site along the Green Ring has been chosen to explore certain strategies, namely the parks of Berchem. The parks include a few traces from the fortification, water bodies, topographical variations and masonry ruins. However, today the parks are fragmented by the ring road infrastructure.

proposal - landscape palimpsests

The method used for developing this project has partly been through landscape palimpsests. Designing through palimpsests is not about preserving the past but to celebrate a collective memory of the site for the users, even if it just provokes a vague mental presence that there used to be something different at this place.


Area required to feed a city

Farmers markets & food storage

City strategies


Story of the Antwerp's Ark and Apocalypse.

Flood, North Sea, the city and the envisioned apocalypse

The Ark: Conceptual Mapping and the Realization

Antwerp's Artefacts

The Archival Relationship: City, Block, Scale & The Ark and its relevance

Deconstructing the Ark

Constituting components of the Ark

Confounded Antwerp/Antwerp Confounded

The Tower of Babel (by Breugel) acts as an anti-fabel, the antithesis of who Antwerp is - the city that has thrived due to the confounding of its languages, and now revels in its amalgamation of architectural forms.

The river, block and plot

You need some context, these are three features of the city. There are thousands more, but these are complex, what is more important comes next.

Do no restrict this to ‘vernacular’

The city of Antwerp, through its many iterations and developments, has predominantly accommodated its population in the terraced house. Though similar in typology, each plot-ed home varies in character, dimension, function, use and ownership. No single plot is the same.

Housing and Housing now

The developments of the 21st century (ironically termed ‘Slow Urbanism’) use a tabula rasa approach, establishing full urban block plans in coordination with the city’s authorities. But if a significant portion of Antwerp’s built context is formed by its residents, what future does a city have if instead generic architectures of dwelling begin to fill the void? The new developments being introduced into the city are dwellings of suffocating restriction. What resilience do these newer structures offer?

The resilience of the plot-ed terrace

The current culture of editing one’s dwelling pronounces the streets of Antwerp. These plots, individual in their figure ground, allow for adaptation internally and the altered expression of the facade.


02_ANTWERP PLAN_ Block ‘Pitting’

03_STUDY MODEL_ Existing Site

04_LOCATION PLAN_ Site//Gentrification Band//Park Spoor Nord

05_CONCEPT MODEL_ Existing Site

Workmanship can be defined as ‘using any kind of technique or apparatus in which the quality of the result is not predetermined but depends on the judgement, dexterity and skill of the maker’. (-David Pye)

Antwerp, City Map.

The Albert Canal.

The site is strategically located at the mouth of the Albert Canal, which spans 130km across Belgium, as part of my thesis it is to be utilised to encourage connection between towns and cities located along the canal. Using the waterways as a means of creating a small-scale trade network for local makers is a more sustainable means of transporting goods and people and offers the opportunity to set up a rich dialogue between cities across the country. Natural resources found along the canal such as clay deposits, forestries and quarries have inspired the three main productive spaces included in my design- ceramics, joinery and stone masonry. From a sustainability point of view, I am eliminating the use of cars and investigating the feasibility and benefits of solely using the water system to transport raw materials to site and exporting finished products from the site to wider Belgium.

Site Strategy.

There are seven main spaces included in my design which are to act catalyst for the district alongside an overall masterplan. They include; workshops for makers, storage, an exhibition space, a marketplace, an educational/community building, a logistics/administrative building and finally housing. There is a distinct lack of housing within the immediate area surrounding the site and I believe the inclusion of housing for makers within proximity of the site is crucial in creating a sense of urbanity and 24hour life in what currently could be considered a largely desolate area.

Structural Strategy.

Each new building comprises of a solid concrete plinth which provides a sense of permanence and mirrors the carved, heavy nature of the surrounding docks and industry. Above the plinth, is a lightweight framed structure which is veiled by a crafted facade which would be produced and installed on site by the makers. The proposed buildings respond to the existing shed structures which characterise the site.

Infrastructure as performance

Concept Collage

Entrance Elevation

Elevated View

Oslo Trienale Live Build - Degrowth

The Plant Power! project looks at applications for nature based solutions to generating heat within an urban setting. As part of the Oslo Triennale. Being Tectonic with Public Works hosted a School for Civic Action masterclass to build a compost heater. This will act as a test bed to generate knowlegde which will then be implemented within the projects of the partners involved. The compostor will be in the garden of the museum creating a heated public space for visitors to embrace plant power! as a natural alternative to fossil based space heating.

Plant Power - A Compost Bioreactor

Our team designed a cylinder shaped container to maximise the efficiency of the compost process. The concept was to encourage engagement with members of the public and tease out curiosity with steps leading you ontop of the compost pile to a public space and viewing platform. The design was adjusted during construction, this was a team decision influenced by time, resources and skillsets.

An Enduring Architecture

1. Ceramics in Context

2. Timeline of Ceramics in Antwerp

3. Site Morphology

4. Nolli Map of Space

5. Site Proposal

the Neutral Sacred Space

territory of several denominations were indicated by colours and the dome and white are shared as a sacred place

Mosque & Synagogue in Antwerp, within twentieth-century belt

the Conflict

conflicts among culture, religions, architecture and territory

the Journey of Time


perception - a certain length of time pass repeatedly

Intergen Antwerp is an intergenerational learning facility proposed within one of Antwerp’s many city blocks. Intergenerational facilities have shown to be successful for preventing ageism in children and for fighting loneliness in elderly people, as well as benefiting their respective families. The idea of immediate interaction across the age groups has formed the project’s components, such as a care home and educational facilities, which are linked by the act of collective sharing. The different buildings, which have different levels of privacy, are connected through both prescribed social spaces and by the formation of informal spaces in-between the facilities. By creating spaces that encourage interaction between children and elderly, the first and the last stage of life; a new place for living, learning, and playing is created within the city.

Through explorations in one of Antwerp’s residential areas – the 2060 quarter, a hidden courtyard was revealed within one of its many city blocks. Zusters der Armenplein is an enclosed courtyard containing both communal and private areas: a private area for care home residents, a park, and a communal garden used for growing flowers and vegetables. There are gates situated at each side of the block that lead you through the courtyard during the day, until the path closes for the public during night time. Zusters der Armenplein is an example of many successful city blocks in Antwerp, and the project intends to build upon the existing components and facilitate the interaction between people of different ages.

The organisation of the different buildings, as well as the shape and functions of the connective roof, was explored and developed through a series of models in different scales.

Intergen Antwerp proposes the coexistence of several buildings: a nursery and primary school, an elderly care home, and a learning facility containing both educational and leisurely spaces. The buildings’ separation is a response to the city’s fine urban grain, but each of the proposed buildings are connected through a shared terraced space and the greenhouses covering the buildings’ roofs.

The private; primary school, nursery and care home, and the communal; learning facility and the community hall have several shared spaces within and between them, which is seen clearly on the ground floor level. The leisurely common ground acts as a circulation space, keeping the existing pathway through the block, and is open to the neighbourhood community during special occasions – such as market days. Facilities that can be used by more than one age group, such as a sports hall, art classrooms and media suites have been placed in different buildings to encourage more circulation across the common ground which leads to more interaction across the stages.

Circular Economy

Using Imprints Left Behind from Gap Sites

Memory through reuse

Case Study A: Raapstraat Site

Case Study B: Blindestraat Site

Concept collage of design thesis: ‘Act Natural’

Principles of nature have been followed throughout the design process. Situated in the university campus, the thesis proposal uses the design of an Innovation Research Centre for Biomimicry to provide opportunity for the following: To create more opportunities for biomimetic design which accommodates a cross-culture of disciplines which all take inspiration from the natural world to solve contemporary problems. To bring nature back into the city and increase biodiversity. To create soft touch and sympathetic architecture. To explore natural and organic forms in the design.

Green Space Analysis

With 15m² of public greenery per inhabitant and only 14% of the ground surface being soft urban landscape, Antwerp’s medieval centre has the lowest percentage of green area.

Urban Strategy

The proposed Innovation Centre for biomimicry is connected with The Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp located at the zoo and botanic garden. Green corridors have been introduced for nature highways, linking up existing green areas in the city.

Site Analysis

Study of existing species found on site and target species to be reintroduced.

Key plans


01. It is said that represents the heart of Europe. The city is a complex ensemble of social, economic, and cultural simultaneities that can be understood in its architecture. A construction that speaks of the social and organizational structure of a place. 02. The city is understood as "An architecture, and this simultaneously, as a construction of the city over time." 03. The river was his origin, it brought wealth but determined its character. The city reminds us of its commercial and defensive nature. 04. Its Architecture is expressive, retains the patina and the character of the people, their traditions. It builds on itself, and it is temporary, but its idea endures.

05. A find triggers the project, a baroque monument, and a ruin next to it. A 15th-century Dominican monastery lies forgotten, around it a collection of fragments that contain and are part of the history of the city. 06. In 1262 the Dominican Order began the construction of the first monastery Church. 07. The locale has been built as a result of the destruction, re-construction, alteration, and changes of use. A sort of factors that enrich and shape the idea of a place that is still alive but forgotten. 08. It is an area of religious worship, it was a monastery, church, warehouse, wedding chapel, and kindergarten; monument, ruin, and point of tourist interest but above all, the civic centre of public life. The block responds to the city, adapts to its inhabitants, and lasts over time. An event In 1698 a heavy fire overwhelmed the complex, destroying the roofs and leaving 3/4 of the monastery in ruins. The reconstruction of the church begins, it is financed with the sale of the monastery to private owners. 09. Urban archaeology and the study of pre-existing elements of the project are part of the working methodology. The inventory appears as a study, catalogue, and analysis tool to understand the stories behind the architecture.

10. A choreography of complex geometric and spatial relationships reveals the different elements that make up the block. The vestige is made up of buildings from the 15th, 17th, and 19th centuries. 11. A four-winged monastery set around a courtyard adjacent to the church. A ruined two-winged monastery. The old library and herbarium. A garden, full of small vestiges and altars. A neo-classical garden wall and a monumental gate. 12. As a result of the discovery, an exhaustive study begins to understand history and culture through elements, objects, and materials, but also the ability to adapt and reuse the different elements without losing their original idea. On these remains the project will be built, the city had chosen its place.

13. Antwerp is perceived as a palimpsest, a cluster of clearly visible temporal layers that tell us a story. In the same way, the project wants to be erected on what is already built. 14. Three stories tell us about the project and allow us to reinforce this idea of time layers. The first is how to reveal existing layers through the controlled dismantling of insignificant and dilapidated buildings. The second, Insert a set of activating objects that give the place of function and cohesion. And the third, to create a contrast in the architectural language that speaks to us of the dialogue between the new and the old. 15. If civic and cultural public spaces are one of the most fascinating works of architecture that define the city, we want to build one more, representative of the time and place, of a collective and ecological nature.

16. A house of memories is proposed. A museum in the form of a flexible cabinet of curiosities that celebrates the complexity of the social fabric through its collective memory. Collective memory understood as the soul of the city, which is, in essence, the city itself and its people, their stories, and history. 17. The museum studies Antwerp through common and mundane objects that can evoke memories and feelings while telling us their stories. 18. The Forum offers a space to encourage citizen participation, debate, and reflection concerning the destruction, and construction of the city: past, present, and future. 19. An archive for people's memories offers a space dedicated to collect, store, and exhibit citizen's objects and their stories. Everyone has the choice to be remembered through their objects. 20. The memory is enlivened, stimulated with ghostly and blurred images, the opacity and translucency of the material are used as an evocative strategy.

Deconstruction - reconstruction - deconstruction

Abandoned warehouses viewed as a resource in building a new masterplan, resulting in a circular use of materials.

Industrial and post-industrial areas of Antwerp

As industry has moved areas and buildings have been left behind, in close proximity to the city centre.

District plan: existing and proposed masterplan

33 warehouses have been identified in the district of Den Dam, which lack potential for new uses and for creating public space. These can be deconstructed in order to create a new masterplan made up of the same materials.

Catalogue of elements and materials

Elements and materials from the deconstruction process have been mapped and organised as a database for creating new buildings.

Deconstruction and its potential

Model 1 shows a method of mental deconstruction as a way to study each element of the space and building in relation to its qualities of light, texture, tectonics and spatial qualities. Model 2 shows one way of testing the new uses of structural elements.

The Plastic Cycle / The Program

Most plastics on this planet end up in the ocean. Whilst recycling schemes in Europe claim to recycle waste produce, vast quantities of plastcs are actually sold overseas and dumped into landfills or into the ocean. Therefore there is a large requirement to close this system off and ensure that the plastic waste is reclaimed and re-purposed. The program of the thesis aims to provide this service for the waterways of Antwerp, in a way that allows teh public to understand what exactly is happening within their own city.

The Site

The location for the thesis was chosen because of the relation of the existing buildings to the city and the port. The Loodswezen building once was the base of operation for the city's port pilots and stands as physical connection between these two. The site was also significant due to the fact that it is in a promising part of the city, but has never been connected. Throughout its development it as always been separated by canals, trainlines, tramways and roads. As such this was an oppertunity to provide the City with some active waterfront space which could be enjoyed, instead of being hidden away.

Site Location PLan

The location of this site is on the outskirts of the historical city, and the old port. As such this area of antwerp is largely developed and the oppertunity to provide local residents with open living space is small. As can be seen from the location plan, this site provides a large area with access to green infastrcture and is one of very few sites along the entire east side of the river to utilise the riverbank for indiviudal recreation.