These works centre ways or methods of working where the material or medium of the work is central to how the work communicates, engages and builds meaning with its audience.
I now began to see the white surface of the paper on which I was going to draw in a different way. From being a clean flat page it became an empty space. Its whiteness became an area of limitless, opaque light; an area that it was possible to move through but not to see through. I knew that when I draw a line on it – or through it – I should have to control the line, not like the driver of a car, on one place: but like a pilot in the air, movement in all three dimensions being possible
John Berger, The basis of all painting and sculpture is drawing
What is written about a person or an event is frankly an interpretation, as are handmade visual statements, like paintings and drawings. Photographed images do not seem to be statements about the world so much as pieces of it, miniatures of reality that anyone can make or acquire.
Susan Sontag, On Photography
Whether Mr Mutt with his own hands made the fountain or not has no importance. He CHOSE it. He took an ordinary article of life, and placed it so that its useful significance disappeared under the new title and point of view – created a new thought for that object.